Glossary of Technical Terms

"." or dot

Indicates a new section and type of information in the domain name hierarchy. to think of the "." in layman's terms, consider a street address. As each address has more than one set of information, personal or corporate name, street number, and city / state / zip, so too does a domain name. As the line breaks indicate the introduction of new sets of information that further specify the location of an address, the dots in a domain name indicate the introduction of new sets of information on the location of the domain name on the internet. For instance, the dot in mydomainname.com separates the top level domain, .com, from the second level of the domain, mydomainname, and indicates that the .com is a more fundamental level of the hierarchy, with a different set of information, than the second level of the domain, mydomainname.
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128-Bit encryption

A 128-bit encryption means there are 2128 possible keys that could fit into the lock that holds your account information with us, but only one that works for each session. This level of encryption is so powerful that the U.S. government lists this encryption as a federal munitions - meaning browsers that offer it can only be used and downloaded by citizens and permanent resident of the united states and canada. We use 128-bit encryption to insure the safety of your credit card transactions on our website.
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Account credit

You can add funds to your name.com account to pay for all of your name.com purchases. Many of our customers keep a constant balance of funds in their account to conveniently cover their transactions. You can add funds to your account by clicking on 'view credit information', located in your control panel on your 'account' page.

To learn how to purchase account credit, please see our detailed instructions on the faq page.
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Administrative contact

The main contact person for a domain name registered with name.com; if the administrative contact differs from the registrant, we will assume that the administrative contact controls the management responsibilities for the domain. Name.com will contact the administrative contact if any domain issues arise. Administrative contacts can renew domain names, change name servers, and edit contact information.
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Automatic billing

A service offered by name.com that will automatically bill your credit card for services. For example, you can set all of your domains, or certain domains to be renewed automatically. For the services you have automatic billing enabled, we will bill your credit card and you will not have to manually renew. Automatic billing can be put in place for all your name.com services.
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Billing contact

The contact person responsible for all domain billing information. We will contact the billing contact with any issues or discrepancies about the credit card used to register the domain.
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Clone account

Cloning an account creates a new account identical to the one you cloned, except for the username. The cloned account will have the same default contact, name servers, password, security settings, and pricing information as its parent. Similar to a folder system, a cloned account can be helpful in the organization of your domain names.

Tto learn how to create a cloned account, please see our detailed instructions on the faq page.
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Deletion

The removal of a domain name and its record from name.com's database. A deleted domain name is not functional and will become available, after a thirty-day redemption period, for any party to register on a first-come, first-served basis. A domain name may be deleted for various reasons-including certain violations related to payment or expiration of its registration period. After a domain has been deleted and enters the redemption period, the domain can be removed from the redemption period and reinstated to active status by the original registrant for a central-registry-levied fee of $120.00 ($150.00 for .cn domains).
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Dispute policy

The set of rules agreed upon by the registrant, as a part of our registration agreement, and used in connection with a dispute between you and any party other than us (the registrar) over the registration and use of an internet domain name registered by you. See our dispute policy, for more information.
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Domain lock

A condition in which a domain cannot be transferred and dns changes cannot be made. A customer may choose to lock a domain in order to insure that no unauthorized changes may be made to the domain.

To learn how to lock/unlock a domain, please see our detailed instructions on the faq page.
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Domain name

A domain name is a way to identify and locate computers and resources, such as websites, connected to the internet. Each domain name corresponds to a numeric ip (internet protocol) address. An IP address takes the form of 4 groups of numbers, each one between 0 and 255, separated by periods. Domain names allow internet users to type in a name, such as name.com, to identify a numeric address such as 38.97.225.253. The purpose of a domain name is to allow a person who is not a super-geek to connect to the internet, find web sites and send email to addresses with familiar names such as name.com. This is accomplished without having to memorize the long string of numerical addresses that computers use to locate each other on the internet.
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Domain name system (DNS)

The distributed database of alphabetic and numeric information used by computers and users to find each other on the internet. In sum, the DNS is a network of computers, data files, software, and people.

The dns structure is organized by a hierarchy of names. The highest level, known as a root, of the system is unnamed. Top level domains (TLDs), such as .com, .net, and .org, are divided into classes based on an evolved set of rules. Most TLDs have been delegated to individual country managers, whose codes are assigned and maintained by a sub-agency of the united nations. These are called country-code top level domains, or cctlds. In addition, a limited number of generic top level domains (gtlds) do not have a geographic or country designation. A complete list of tlds can be found at iana's website.

Responsibility for the adoption of procedures and policies for the assignment of second level domain names (slds), and lower level hierarchies of names, has been assigned to tld managers, such as verisign, inc., who are subject to policy guidelines determined by ICANN. See ICANN's website for more information.
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Domain registration

The act of securing a unique domain name for a specific period of time.

To learn how to register a domain, please see our detailed instructions on the faq page.
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Email forwarding

A service that allows you to create an email address with your domain name that forwards all email sent to the newly created address to a pre-existing email account. For instance, if your domain name is mycooldomain.com, you can create an email address entitled dude@mycooldomain.com that forwards to your personal email account, say, john@doe.com. You can also use dude@mycooldomain.com rather than john@doe.com as your return email address. This whole process can establish a unique and memorable identity for you and for your internet contacts.

To learn how to setup email forwarding, please see our detailed instructions on the faq page.
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Encryption

A secure method of sending sensitive information on the internet. For example, when you register with name.com, your credit card information is protected using 128-bit encryption in order to protect your information from unauthorized access.
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Expiration

The condition in which a domain name registration lapses. At the expiration date, the domain record is still available, and the web site and email attached to a domain are still functioning for a short period of time. If (approximately) 15-30 days after the expiration date an expired domain registration is not renewed, the domain name will be deleted from our database and from the domain name system (dns), terminating the domain record and the functionality of the domain name's corresponding web site and email service. After deletion, the domain name enters a 30-day redemption period in which the domain is held by the registry and the domain's web site and email are unavailable for use. Once the redemption period ends, the domain becomes available again for registration on a first come, first served basis.

You may rescue a domain from the redemption period by paying the central registry, through us, a $120.00 fee ($150.00 for .cn domains). We do not set the price of this fee, and must abide by it if we retrieve domain names from the central registry's database.
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Expiration date

The time at which a domain name registration expires. You can always see this date within your name.com account. Simply login and go to your 'account' page. The expiration date of each domain is listed to the right of each domain.

you can also run a whois query on your domain by visiting who.is.

to extend the expiration date, simply renew your domain.
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Extension

The final segment of a domain name used to further designate the location and identity of a domain. For instance, typing in www.name.com to your web browser may tell your computer to go to a different place to find a different entity then if you typed www.name.net.
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FTP

An acronym for file transfer protocol. FTP is used to transfer files between computers on the internet. You can use FTP to exchange files between computer accounts, to transfer files between an account and a computer, or to access software archives on the internet.
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Host record

An electronic set of instructions that tells a user's computer where a domain and its accompanying resources, such as its website, are located. A host record will direct a user's computer through the domain name system (dns) to a certain set of servers, identified by their ip address and on which a domain and its resources are located. For instance, if the resources of my domain, mycooldomain.com, were located at the following ip address, 38.97.225.253, and i wanted to link my domain to those resources, i would create a host record that pointed mycooldomain.com to 38.97.225.253. After doing so, anyone who typed in mycooldomain.com to their web browser would have their computer directed to the name servers corresponding to the ip address 38.97.225.253 and containing my resources.

For more information, see our detailed instructions on how do i add a new host/dns (mx, a, txt, cname, etc.)record?.
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Host master (web host)

The contact person, usually, at your web hosting provider.
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Http

Http, short for hypertext transfer protocol, is the set of rules for transferring hypertext documents on the internet.
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IANA

The internet corporation for assigned names and numbers (ICANN) is the non-profit corporation that was formed to assume responsibility for the ip address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions previously performed under U.S. government contract by IANA, the internet assigned numbers authority, and other entities. please see ICANN's website for more information.
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ICANN

The internet corporation for assigned names and numbers (ICANN) is the non-profit corporation that was formed to assume responsibility for the ip address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions previously performed under U.S. government contract by iana, the internet assigned numbers authority, and other entities. Please see ICANN's website for more information.

A customer should register their domain name with an ICANN accredited registrar in order to insure regularized and regulated service.
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Internal transfer

The sale or transfer of a domain from one customer within name.com's database to the account of another customer within name.com's database. You may use our internal transfer service to quickly transfer the ownership of a domain from your account to the account of another party listed in our database. if a monetary transaction accompanies the sale and transfer of a domain, it should be handled wholly on your part and without our intervention.

To learn how to initiate an internal transfer, please see our detailed instructions on the faq page.
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Internet protocol (IP) address

A unique numeric label used to identify computers in a domain name system (dns) network. for example, the computers on which our website, www.name.com, is located are identified by the following ip address: 38.97.225.253. if you were to type this number string into your web browser, you would come to our website. ip numbers are the numeric counterpart to domain names and are converted by computers from domain names in order to locate resources associated with domain names on the internet.
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Mail exchange (mx) record

An entry in a domain name system (dns) that routes mail to an email server or forwarding service. for example, i may choose to create a mx record that routes all mail sent to dude@mycooldomain.com to a certain ip address where my email services are located.

To learn how to add an mx record, please see our detailed instructions on the faq page.
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Masked url forwarding

A function that redirects all http (web) requests for your domain name to a destination, without acknowledging on a user's browser the redirection. for example, if you forward your domain "mydomain.com" to "yourdomain.com," any web requests for "mydomain.com" will be directed to "yourdomain.com," without broadcasting the redirection.

To learn how to enable url forwarding, please see our detailed instructions on the faq page.
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Name server

The computer network that has both the software and the data required to translate domain names to internet protocol (ip) numbers, and thus to help route users and their data to the correct website or location on the web. your web hosting agents will most likely ask you to use their name servers as a part of their services for your web site. name.com provides free name server registration and dns services when you purchase a domain name with us.

To learn how to change your name servers, please see our detailed instructions on the faq page.
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Parking

Registration of a domain name without the immediate creation of a corresponding web site. a registered domain using our name servers and without a corresponding website will direct users to a personalized parking page when its url is entered into a web browser. to use our parking pages, make sure your name servers are set to ns1.name.com and ns2.name.com.
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Password

The six-digit or longer case-sensitive code used to access your name.com account, Google Apps account, etc. note: we advise that you use different passwords for each service.

To learn how to change the password for your name.com account, please see our detailed instructions on the faq page.
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Payment profile

A payment profile saves your credit card information within your name.com account. after enabled, you will no longer have to enter your credit card information for each purchase. instead, you will just check a box for the desired payment profile, and we will charge that credit card for your purchases.
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Primary name server

The first server used for information about and the location of resources associated with a domain.
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Redemption period

A thirty day period after a domain has expired and been deleted from our database; deletion occurs anywhere from 1 to 45 days after expiration. during the redemption period, a domain is frozen in our database and cannot be accessed by any party, including us, for use, renewal, registration, or transfer. furthermore, the web site and email attached to a domain name will not function during the redemption period. once the thirty-day redemption period has expired, the domain is once again available for registration (by any party) and use, after a five-day registry hold. the registrant can retrieve a domain name out of the redemption period only by paying a $120 ($150 for .cn domains) fee through us, to the central registry.
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Registrant

The owner of the domain name and the person ultimately responsible for domain issues.
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Registry

The central storehouse and controlling body of domain names. there is a registry for each extension. for instance, verisign global registry is the organization that controls all .com domain names. we, as an ICANN accredited registrar, interact with the verisign and other registries in order to register domain names for customers.
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Renewal

The process of extending the expiration date for a domain name from one to nine additional years.

For a very short period after your domain name expires, it is available for renewal. During this period, we may charge a service fee of up to $20.00 in order to renew the domain, and after this time, your domain becomes unavailable as it enters the redemption period. Therefore, it is imperative that you renew your domain before the expiration date.

To learn how to renew your domain, please see our detailed instructions on the faq page.
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Root

The highest level of the domain name system (dns).
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Second level domain

That portion of the domain name appearing after the top-level domain. In a domain name, it appears immediately to the left of the top-level. For instance, the 'mydomainname' in mydomainname.com is the second level of the domain name.
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Secondary name server

The server that takes over if the primary goes down; the secondary name server also helps out in extreme load conditions.
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SSL

Stands for secure socket layer. SSL is a method with which to hide the information a web browser and a web server send to each other. an SSL-enhanced website, such as ours, uses SSL encryption to scramble the data, such as credit card information, you send us into an unintelligible string of seemingly random characters.
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Sub account

Creating a sub account will create a new user account with the same default contacts and default name servers. The sub account will have default pricing and security settings. Sub accounts are good for those that want to register domain names for others and then move them into other accounts for their customers.

To learn how to create a sub account, please see our detailed instructions on the faq page.
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Technical contact

The person responsible for technical matters relating to a domain. We may contact the technical contact concerning issues relating to a domain's name servers, IP address, url forwarding, email forwarding, or host/mx records.
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Third level domain

Appears to the left of the second level of the domain name. For instance, the ben in ben.name.com is the third level of the domain name. A third level domain is controlled by the name servers used by a registrant.
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Top level domain (TLD)

The part of the domain name furthest to the right. For instance, the .com in name.com is the top-level of the domain name.
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Transfer

The movement of a domain and its current registration term from one registrar to another.

For detailed instructions on how to transfer a domain to name.com, please see our faq page.
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Uniform resource locator (url)

A url is a standard way of identifying things on the internet, such as a website, web page, file, or newsgroup. The first part of the url, before the colon, indicates the method of access; for web sites, this is designated by the letters http. The part of the url after the colon is interpreted specific to the access method. For instance, our url is http://www.name.com. The first part indicates the method of access to our website, and the second part, including the slashes, indicate the name of the resource, our domain name, and the location of the resource, our web site.
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URL forwarding

A function that redirects all http (web) requests for your domain name to a destination. For example, if you forward your domain 'mycooldomain.com' to 'name.com', any web requests for 'mycooldomain.com' will be directed to name.com'.

To learn how to setup url forwarding, please see our detailed instructions on the faq page.
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Username

The six-digit, case sensitive code used in conjunction with your password to login to your account with us.
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Web host

The service, and its operators, that provide the software and hardware with which a web site is generated; a web host also maintains the presence of the web site on the internet. In short, a web host acts as a virtual construction and management company for your domain's web site.
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Whois

A tool used to look up registered domain names. Whois can provide the following data about a registered domain: registrant, administrative, technical, and billing contact information, including physical and email addresses and phone numbers; expiration date of the domain; name servers used by the domain; the domain's current registrar; and the status of the domain.
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Zone

A part of the total domain name space identified by the information located on a specific name server. The name server has control of the zone - or the specific part of the domain name space - represented by that information.
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Zone file

A file with data describing a part of the domain name space. Zone files hold the data needed to resolve domain names to an internet protocol (ip) address.
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